When I was younger, I struggled for the longest time trying to remember which was the dividend and which was the divisor. I honestly had the “I don’t care” attitude. I wondered just why I had to learn it. I figured as long as I knew how to divide, that should be all that mattered. I was not a fan of division vocabulary.
Honestly, many, many years later, I still don’t know exactly why I had to learn it because I know which number gets written where. I know how to divide but I still have to teach the vocabulary and make sure students know what is what.
So, I came up with a few tricks of my own to help students out a bit.
The above image is a picture of my division anchor chart. It’s actually been edited a bit with PicMonkey so I could write on my sayings for you. My actual anchor chart (which is below) doesn’t contain the extra words or arrows, so it’s not as “cluttered.”
I always gather my students around and have them draw this. First I start with the top of the house. I tell students this is the Quotient. “The quotient is located in the attic with the queen.” I help students see that both queen and quotient start with a Q. They draw their queen in the attic and label it Quotient.
Then I move to the word Dividend. This one is the easiest for the kiddos because it has two words in it- divide and end. Students always seem to notice words inside of words. I tell them, “you divide in the den.” You do not want to tell them that the bigger number goes inside the house, as that will confuse them later with decimals and other numbers.
Finally, I move to the word “Divisor.” I start by pulling out a visor hat – like one we wear in the summertime (or for poker games?). I show students what it looks like and how the visor of the hat is protecting my eyes. I explain that here (pointing at the visor part of the roof where it hangs over a bit) the divisor is being protected by the visor of the roof. (Plus this is a word part that you could really use as a starting point for discussing Greek and Latin Roots.)
I always point out the various ways that division is written – the fraction and using the symbol. However, it’s easier to start with the first method of drawing a “house” before teaching the others. Also, make sure as you are explaining each word’s location, you are also explaining the meaning of the word in division.
Below is my actual anchor chart. A little boring, but less “cluttered.
I have this page here for you to download and pass out to your students for free. Just enter your information in the box to get started! It’s from my Multiplication and Division Math Workshop Unit.
And I’m willing to bet that if you are teaching division, you still have some cute little ones in your class that need some help with their multiplication facts, am I right? Why not check out my post 5 Tricks to Help Your Students Learn their Multiplication Tricks (and there’s a freebie!)? Also, consider checking out my Multiplication Strategies or Multiplication Shortcuts post!